• Dyslexia Brain infographic

    Signs of Dyslexia:


    A Toddler or Preschooler with dyslexia:

    • May talk later than most children
    • May have difficulty pronouncing words such as busgetti for spaghetti, mawn lower for lawn mower, etc.
    • May be slow to add new vocabulary words
    • May be unable to recall the right word
    • May have difficulty with rhyming
    • May have trouble learning the alphabet, numbers, days of the week, months of the year, colors, shapes, how to spell and write his or her name
    • May have trouble interacting with peers
    • May be unable to follow multi-step directions or routines
    • Fine motor skills may develop more slowly than in other children
    • May have difficulty telling and/or retelling a story in the correct sequence
    • Often has difficulty separating sounds in words and blending sounds to make words

    K – 4th Grade

    A child with dyslexia:

    • Has difficulty decoding single words (reading single words in isolation)
    • May be slow to learn the connection between letters and sounds
    • May confuse small words: at – to, said-and, does-goes.
    • Makes consistent reading and spelling errors including:
      - letter reversals – d for b as in dog for bog
      - word reversals – tip for pit
      - inversions – m and w for u and n
      - transpositions – felt and left
      - substitutions – house and home
    • May transpose number sequences and confuse arithmetic signs
    • May have trouble remembering facts
    • May be slow to learn new skills; relies heavily on memorizing without understanding
    • May be impulsive and prone to accidents
    • May have difficulty planning
    • Often uses an awkward pencil grip (fist, thumb hooked over fingers, etc.)
    • May have trouble learning to tell time
    • May have poor fine motor coordination

    5th Grade- 8th Grade

    A child with dyslexia:

    • Is usually reading below grade level
    • May reverse letter sequences – soiled for solid, left for felt
    • May be slow to discern and to learn prefixes, suffixes, root words, and other reading and spelling strategies
    • May have difficulty spelling; spells the same word differently on the same page
    • May avoid reading aloud
    • May have trouble with word problems in math
    • May write with difficulty with illegible handwriting; pencil grip is awkward, fist-like, or tight
    • May avoid writing
    • May have slow or poor recall of facts
    • May have difficulty with comprehension
    • May have trouble with non-literal language (idioms, jokes, proverbs, slang)
    • May forget to hand in homework or to bring in homework
    • May have difficulty with planning and time management

    9th Grade – 12th Grade

    A young adult with dyslexia:

    • May read very slowly with many inaccuracies
    • Continues to spell incorrectly, frequently spells the same word differently in a single piece of writing
    • May procrastinate reading and writing tasks
    • May avoid writing
    • May have trouble summarizing and outlining
    • May have trouble answering open-ended questions on tests
    • May not adjust well to new setting or to change
    • May have difficulties with foreign languages
    • May work slowly
    • May have poor grasp of abstract concepts
    • May pay too little attention to details or focus too much on them
    • May misread information
    • May not complete assignments; may complete them and not hand them in
    • May have an inadequate vocabulary
    • May have an inadequate store of knowledge from previous reading
    • May have difficulty with planning and time management

    The Dyslexia Resource